The world’s oldest profession has a new twist that is currently being disguised as marriage in some parts of the world. Wealthy Muslim men from the Middle East and
Mut’a is an Arabic word which, like jihad, has multiple meanings relating to joy and fulfillment of enjoyment. The word also means “compliance” when used in terms of marriage and observing the requirements of the marriage contract in Islam.
In essence, the idea of mut’a is a temporary marriage for an agreed upon time limit which basically allows men the freedom of sexual activity under the shield of morality.
Though Sunni Muslims generally reject the concept, Shias explain that Muhammad provided for it in Sura 4:24 of the Koran where it states, “All women other than these (mothers, daughters, sisters, paternal and maternal aunts, the daughters of your brothers and sisters, your foster-mothers, your foster-sisters, the mothers of your wives, step-daughters who are in your charge, wives of your begotten sons, marriage to two sisters at one time and married women except those you own as slaves) are lawful for you provided you court them with your wealth in modest conduct, not in fornication. Give them your dowry for the enjoyment you have had of them as a duty; but it shall be no offense for you to make any other agreement among yourselves after you have fulfilled your duty.”
Sunnis claim Muhammad later abolished the practice which nullifies the Shia belief.
The story came to light recently when Nausheen Tobassum revealed to Indian police that she had been pressured by her parents to marry a middle aged Sudanese man for a period of four weeks for about $1,800.
According to Tobassum, she was taken to a hotel by her aunt where she and three other teenage girls were introduced to a Sudanese oil executive who is 44-years old and married with two children in
A Qazi, also called a Qadi, Qaadi, Qaadee, Kazi or Kadi, is a judge who traditionally has jurisdiction over legal matters involving Muslims and, therefore, rules according to sharia, or Islamic religious law. The Qazi must adhere to the prevailing consensus of Islamic scholars known as jimah.
Women’s rights advocates in
Nausheen’s parents had given the prospective Sudanese groom assurances that their daughter would be punished if she did not comply with the marriage. The teenager was rescued by police when she fled her home and the groom, aunt and the Qazi were arrested. Tobassum’s parents are currently in hiding and a warrant has been issued for their arrest.
Under Indian law, a teenager cannot marry until she reaches 18. According to Nausheem, her parents created a fake birth certificate which stated that she is 24.
Wealthy outsiders are contracting marriages in
The justification is derived from the belief that prostitution is forbidden in Islam, but temporary marriages circumvent that precept.
The Indian teenager says she agreed to the marriage out of ignorance and fear. It was devastating for Nausheem to sign a warrant against her parents, but she believes she made the proper decision in order to stop the exploitation of other young women in her country.
Tobassum now lives in a government home for girls, but following her experience she remains scared for her safety.
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