But what is the Muslim Brotherhood, and why does it poses a threat to the West? Let us put the Muslim Brotherhood in historical context, limited though it must be.
In 1744, Muhammad ibn Saud was the ruler of Diriyah in
At the same time, Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab had designs for returning the
When Saud realized that an alliance with Wahhab could achieve his goal of unification by legitimizing his cause as a jihad, or holy war for religious purposes, the two men made a political-religious pact which established the first Saudi state. In exchange for protection and freedom to spread the ferocious ancient social code of the Prophet, Wahhab gave Saud the legitimate justification he required for a holy war.
Over time, a group called the Ikhwan gradually emerged, its identity based on literal interpretations of the Koran as taught by Wahhab. Eventually the Ikhwan demanded that its followers live according to the strictest definitions of Islam as practiced in the 7th century.
Being comprised mostly of uneducated, poor desert dwellers living in a savage climate and without comprehensive knowledge of Islam, the Bedouin tribes began to exhibit a fanaticism about their newfound religion as it applied to their daily lives.
In the early part of the 20th century, one zealous follower of Wahhabi doctrines was Muhammad Rashid Rida, who partnered with Muhammad Abduh, his mentor, to initiate Islamic reforms in
Not only did Rida fiercely defend the tenets of Wahhabism, he also had intense admiration for the militaristic heritage of Islam.
By 1928, four years after the collapse of the Ottoman caliphate, one of Rida’s students, Hasa al-Banna, began calling for a revival of Islamic fundamentalism in
The group was called Ikhwan al-Muslimun. We know it today as the Muslim Brotherhood.
Using the life of the Prophet Muhammad as their historical template, the Muslim Brotherhood adopted a creed which states, “God is our objective; the Quran is our constitution; the Prophet is our leader; struggle is our way; and death for the sake of God is the highest of our aspirations.”
By the 1960s, a prolific philosopher and writer named Sayyid (which means “Chief” in Arabic) Qutb became the most important figure in the Muslim Brotherhood. Though Qutb was eventually executed by
Qutb was vehemently against Western values after living in the
Through the beliefs of Sayyid Qutb, the concept of Islam as a “religion of peace” evolved. For most of us, the idea of “religion of peace” means something entirely different than Qutb’s interpretation.
Qutb believed that a clash of civilizations would occur between the West and Islam and that ultimately Islam would prevail. According to Qutb, when Islam becomes the dominant force in the world, “peace” will be the result. When Islam is in control, the world will be at peace, thus Islam is the religion of peace.
With the fall of Mohammar Qaddaffi and Hosni Mubarak, the Obama administration proudly proclaimed the dawn of a new day of democracy in the
More recently, Hillary Clinton very publicly claimed to have brokered a truce between Hamas and
While establishing the deal however,
Time and again we have been told that the Muslim Brotherhood has become a “moderate” organization as it continues to follow the creed established in the middle of the last century: “struggle is our way; and death for the sake of God is the highest of our aspirations.”
Peabod is Bob Taylor, owner of Taylored Media Services in
Inquiries for groups can be made at Peabod@aol.com Taylored Media has produced marketing videos for British Rail, Rail Europe, Switzerland Tourism, the Swedish Travel & Tourism Council, the Finnish Tourist Board, the Swiss Travel System and Japan Railways Group among others.
As author of The Century Club book, Peabod is now attempting to travel to 100 countries or more during his lifetime. To date he has visited 70 countries. Suggest someplace new for Bob to visit; if you want to know where he has been, check his list on Facebook. Bob plans to write a sequel to his book when he reaches his goal of 100 countries. He also played professional baseball for four years and was a sportscaster for 14 years at WBTV, the CBS affiliate in Charlotte.
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